Why did Canberra become the capital of Australia?
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Why did Canberra become the capital of Australia?

by Kohei Watanabe
(Tokyo)

Where is the capital of Australia? Someone may answer the question Sydney or Melbourne. But it is wrong. The capital of Australia is Canberra.

Canberra is far from a huge city like Sydney or Melbourne. Generally, the biggest city becomes the capital of a country. Why did Canberra become the capital of Australia, not other big cities?

Australia was a colony of UK. As with many countries that had been the colony of UK, Australia was separated in many states. So many cities wanted to become the capital. Especially, a competition between Sydney and Melbourne was heated.

Accordingly, Australians made Canberra the capital of their country, because Canberra was situated at the middle point between Sydney and Melbourne.

In Australia, the center of politics is Canberra, but the center of the economy is Sydney because Sydney has a larger population than Canberra. There is a bipolarization.

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Jan 29, 2022
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Learning about the fact
by: Marta

Hi, I'm writing a book of Johan Silas, the urban planner of Indonesia. He said about the long dispute between Sidney and Melbourne, but then Australia chose Canberra as the capital of the country. So I need to dig more about it, and voila I found this page. Thank you for sharing such information.

Jan 03, 2022
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Sydney does not have an "inferiority complex."
by: Anonymous

"Canberra came about because of Sydney's inferiority complex with Melbourne" - this is a load of rubbish. Sydney does not have an inferiority complex. Both Sydney and Melbourne are fantastic cities, with Sydney being more well known globally due to the large harbour, Opera House and Harbour Bridge.

Nov 23, 2021
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Thank You!
by: Anonymous

I can see that many others are thanking this page for helping them with their project. Same goes here. This information is extremely helpful. Thank you!

Oct 24, 2021
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A.C.T.
by: Anonymous

Canberra came about because of Sydney's inferiority complex with Melbourne which still exists today. Just before Federation, Melbourne was the richest capital city in the world because of the gold rush. The city was designed and laid out to be the Paris of the southern hemisphere. Sydney has been trying to catch up ever since, hence the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Opera House.

Sep 10, 2015
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awesome
by: abigail taylor

you saved me from failing my project. keep it up

Jun 30, 2015
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thanks
by: Anonymous

thank for the info

Jun 17, 2015
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canberra
by: kacy

thanks. it'll help me with my project

May 27, 2013
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Thank you for your story!
by: Yui Fujisawa

Canberra is a less famous city than Sydney and Melbourne,but there are a lot of good places to go,like National Museum of Australia,Canberra Stadium,Telstra Tower,and so on.

I think Canberra is a good city. I want to go there someday!

Thank you for sharing your story:D

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